Before Helix installed a supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system, field operations staff used to drive to each of the district’s 25 pump stations to turn on a pump.
Helix’s SCADA system consists of remote computers that operate sensors and switches throughout the district’s infrastructure. Staff communicate with the computers to monitor and operate the district’s water treatment plant and water distribution system, which serves 276,000 people.
A supervisor and four Helix employees support the SCADA system and the motors, instruments and controls to which it is connected.The team’s latest accomplishment is standardizing the design, hardware and software of the motor control centers in Helix’s 25 pump stations. Helix Electrical Technician David Reagan, a member of the SCADA team, wrote about the project in a feature article in Flow Control Magazine, and the article gives Helix customers a deep look into the technology behind our operations.
Every ratepayer in the San Diego region is an investor in a reliable water supply, and today, our investments are paying off. Even if drought grips this region, or the state, we have access to enough water to meet our needs.
THE NEED FOR RELIABLE WATER
We were not always in this solid position. In 1991, after four years of drought, Metropolitan Water District of Southern California threatened to increase water delivery cutbacks to the San Diego region from 31 percent to 50 percent. Managing drought is always challenging, but the real issue was that Metropolitan was our only water supplier.
Luckily, the drought ended before the 50 percent cutback started. However, the cities and water districts serving the San Diego region – including Helix Water District – vowed never to be in such a vulnerable position again. Over the last 25 years, we’ve collaboratively invested in, and developed a diversified and reliable water supply.
Imported water arrives to San Diego County via the San Diego County Water Authority, our region’s water supplier. SDCWA secures and delivers water to 24 cities, municipalities and water agencies, and its 36-member board of directors is made up of representatives from those 24 member agencies. Helix board members hold two seats on SDCWA’s board, helping to shape regional water policies
WATER TRANSFERS: HELPING FARMS CONSERVE
When SDCWA first looked for a new reliable water source, it turned to its water-secure neighbor in the Imperial Valley, the Imperial Irrigation District.
IID happens to have some of the largest and oldest water rights in the entire southwest. IID receives 3.1 million acre feet of Colorado River water annually – more than Arizona and Nevada receive together each year. Additionally, IID’s Colorado River rights predate California’s and even MWD’s water rights. This means that IID’s water is last in line to receive water supply cuts.
An acre-foot is 325,900 gallons – roughly enough water to submerge a football field one foot deep, or enough water to supply 2.5 single-family households of four for a year.
Looking for a secure supply, SDCWA began negotiations with IID in the early 1990’s to create large-scale, farm-to-urban transfers. In 2003, IID, Coachella Valley Water District and SDCWA signed the Quantification Settlement Agreement. The QSA agreement allows SDCWA ratepayers to pay for on-farm conservation programs in Imperial County and allows IID to transfer the conserved water to San Diego. Last year, SDCWA received 160,000 acre-feet of water from this agreement, providing almost 35 percent of our regional water supply. This amount ramps up to 200,000 acre-feet per year in 2021 and the agreement lasts until 2078.
LINING IMPERIAL VALLEY IRRIGATION CANALS
Another benefit of the QSA is that it allowed for the transfer of water from lining porous canals in IID and CVWD. Prior to these canal linings, earthen canals lost millions of gallons of water each year to soil seepage. SDCWA financed the lining of 23 miles of the All American Canal in IID canal and another 35 miles of the Coachella Valley Canal in CVWD.
In return for the projects, SDCWA delivers to member agencies 80,000 acre-feet of this conserved water annually for the next 110 years. This is enough water to provide 15 percent of SDCWA’s annual water demands.
In addition to looking for reliable sources, SDCWA wanted a diverse portfolio of water sources. This way if there is a shortage in one water source, other sources may supplement our needs.
Being a coastal community, SDCWA looked towards ocean desalination as a local, drought-proof water supply. In 2015, the Claude “Bud” Lewis Desalination Plant in Carlsbad opened, producing 56,000 acre-feet per year or 10 percent of our region’s annual water supply.
Finally, through regional conservation programs, we use 25 percent less water today than we did in 1990, even though our population grew over 25 percent. This is thanks to almost 30 years of regional conservation programs that encourage residents to install efficient toilets, showerheads, washing machines, faucets, irrigation systems and climate appropriate landscapes.
Water we conserve is water that we do not have to annually purchase or transfer. This makes a big difference; SDCWA’s regional conservation programs conserve about 90,000 acre-feet of water each year. This is about one and a half times the amount of water the Claude “Bud” Lewis Desalination Plant produces; to produce or transfer the same amount of water would be very expensive. Since this plant cost over $1 billion to construct, you can see savings.
YOU BENEFIT FROM WATER SUPPLY INVESTMENTS
We have come a long way since 1990 when MWD was our sole supplier. By 2020, MWD will only provide 11 percent of SDCWA’s water supply.
With the new water transfers, local supplies, desalination and a water use efficiency, San Diego shines as a model for long-term water reliability and sustainability. We have more access to water than we currently use. This is water for our homes and landscapes, businesses and industries and water for our growing regional needs.
For the benefit of our region, our local leaders ensured our future by securing reliable water supplies. Through your water rates and the rates of every water customer in San Diego, we have water.
Use it as you need to, use it wisely and be proud of the future we now have.
As a member agency of the Water Authority, Helix Water District is committed to continuing to secure a sustainable water supply for our customers. To learn more about the steps and actions we are taking, visit hwd.com/sustainable-utility/
Learn how our water system works and see how we plan, design, and upgrade our vital infrastructure for today and tomorrow. – at Helix Water Chats on Thursday, December 5.
Water is heavy – just over 8 pounds per gallon. That means we need a heavy-duty system to deliver it across 50 square miles and up each hill to 276,000 people. And, we have to design the facilities we build today to provide the water El Cajon, La Mesa, Lemon Grove and Spring Valley will need in 2070, and connect it to facilities we built in 1970.
Helix Water District’s Director of Engineering Jim Tomasulo will discuss how Helix’s complex water system continuously operates to deliver water to our customers and how we plan, design, and upgrade our vital infrastructure for today and tomorrow. This should be good, and we hope you can join us for an insightful evening.
Date and Time Thursday, December 5 6 – 7:30 p.m.
Location Helix Administration Office 7811 University Avenue, La Mesa (Parking in the back of the building)
Itinerary 6:00 Coffee and cookies 6:10 Welcome and introductions 6:15 Presentation 7:00 Questions and discussion
Helix Water District is now utilizing drone technology to view and monitor district storage tanks.
Helix recently used drone technology to inspect its Fletcher Hills Combo Tank, which is located near Grossmont College in El Cajon. The top of the tank sits at a height of 120 feet and the district needed to inspect the tank’s air vents, located at its outer edge. Inspecting the Combo Tank vents has proven challenging over the years. Inspecting the vents from the exterior required district inspectors to walk along the edge of the 120-foot high tank. The use of appropriate safety equipment to perform the inspections was cumbersome and expensive and did not eliminate all risk to the inspectors. Inspecting the vents from the interior required taking the tank out of service. Seeking a safe and cost-effective alternative, Helix Cathodic Inspector Eric Fockler suggested using a drone to view the vents’ condition.
The resulting photos and video imagery allowed Helix staff to perform this inspection, less expensively and without placing any staff members at risk. “Using drones for this type of inspection work is a simple, elegant and safe solution,” said Jim Tomasulo, Helix’s Director of Engineering. “We anticipate using drones for this and other purposes.”
Drones will also be used to inspect interior roof supports of the district’s storage tanks. These supports are well above the tanks maximum water level but are especially vulnerable to corrosion since they are constantly exposed to humidity and heat. Inspecting these components requires taking the tank out of service and viewing the roof supports by using a moving 30-foot high scaffolding. The scaffolding is assembled and brought in piece by piece through the tank’s 36-inch access-ways on the sidewalls. The scaffolding is then moved around the tank from one support to the next which is both labor and time intensive. Drones can accelerate this process by surveying each bracket inside the tank and allowing district crews to use the footage to decide which supports need refinishing.
“We continually look for ways to utilize technologies where appropriate to minimize facility down time and to keep staff safe,” said Carlos Lugo, Helix General Manager. “Drone technology is proving to be a useful and cost efficient way to survey and keep the district’s facilities properly maintained.”
Helix Water District provides water treatment and distribution for 275,000 people in the cities of El Cajon, La Mesa and Lemon Grove, the community of Spring Valley and areas of Lakeside — east of downtown San Diego. Helix also provides treated water to neighboring Padre Dam, Otay and Lakeside water districts.
The South Rim Tank in El Cajon is one of Helix Water District’s 25 drinking water storage reservoirs. Originally built in 1956, this 1 million gallon steel storage reservoir was beginning to show its age.
In service for 6 decades, the steel roof suffered from corrosion which prevented the tank from being operated at full capacity.
However, with the rest of the tank still in good condition, the district was able to replace the roof and rehabilitate the tank. Rehabilitation projects utilize existing structures in the rebuilding process and are less a expensive alternative than demolition and installation projects, saving the district and ratepayers money.
Watch our brief video showing the construction process and see the improvements for yourself!
Notice is hereby given that, in accordance with the California Environmental Water Quality Act, Helix Water District has completed an Initial Study of its Pipeline Project 4241, located in the unincorporated community of Spring Valley, California, within the East County region of San Diego County.
These documents are required to be posted to the Helix Water District website December 1 to December 31, 2017.
In late September, the San Diego County Water Authority will begin rehabilitating more than four miles of a large-diameter pipeline between Lake Murray and Sweetwater Reservoir. The 66-inch and 69-inch diameter pipe provides water to Helix Water District and the Sweetwater Authority.
The pipeline runs under Baltimore Drive and along Spring Street in La Mesa, and extends south into Spring Valley. The $28.6 million project is part of the Water Authority’s multi-decade program to rehabilitate 82 miles of pre-stressed concrete cylinder pipeline in its conveyance system.
Construction crews will conduct most of the work underground, inside the pipe. They will access the pipe by excavating and entering the pipeline through 17 access sites, or portals. Most construction activities will occur at these access portals, which will be spaced approximately 525 to 2,500 feet apart.
The Water Authority began communicating with stakeholders along the pipeline last December. If you’d like to know more about the project, the Water Authority will host two open houses in September for residents living near the project and provide information at local events:
August 31st Information table and staff to answer questions at the La Mesa Car Show
September 7th Open house at Portals 1 and 2 – Portal 1 is located on Baltimore Drive, just south of Laport/El Paso Street, in La Mesa – Portal 2 is located on Baltimore Drive, just south of Bertro Drive, in La Mesa
September 14th Open house at Portal 3 – Portal 3 is located on Baltimore Drive, about 3/4 mile south of Lake Murray Blvd.
September 27th Information table and staff to answer questions at the La Mesa Chamber of Commerce breakfast
September 29th Information table and staff to answer questions at the La Mesa Farmer’s Market
Photo: from right: Helix Boardmember Mark Gracyk, who represents Lemon Grove, Boardmember DeAna Verbeke, Board President Joel Scalzitti and Lemon Grove assistant city manager and public works director Mike James.
Helix Water District Board President Joel Scalzitti operated the excavator this morning, lowering a segment of PVC pipe into the trench at the corner of Mt. Vernon Avenue and Golden Avenue in Lemon Grove. The pipe was signed by the Lemon Grove City Council and Helix board members, and its installation marks the removal of the last large segment of cast iron pipe in the water distribution system serving the city of Lemon Grove.
In addition to president Scalzitti, Helix board members Mark Gracyk, who represents Lemon Grove, and DeAna Verbeke were on site to mark the milestone in Helix’s Cast Iron Pipe Replacement Project. Also on site were Lemon Grove assistant city manager and public works director Mike James, and Helix’s general manager Carlos Lugo, director of engineering Jim Tomasulo and director of operations Kevin Miller.
“This is an important milestone for our engineering team and for our Lemon Grove customers,” said Lugo. “Each segment of cast iron pipe we remove reduces the possibility of pipe breaks and service interruptions.”
Cast iron pipe was the most commonly used pipe material in Helix’s water distribution system from about 1926 to 1949. By 1959, Helix’s system included 185 miles of cast iron pipe. In 1963, however, the number of leaks from the district’s cast iron pipes reached 1.5 per 10 miles of pipe – just under 30 leaks a year.
In 1967, the district committed to replacing all cast iron pipe. In 2005, the board approved the Cast Iron Pipe Replacement Project for the replacement of the remaining 67 miles over the next 20 years.
The success of this project is largely due to a protocol developed by Helix’s engineers for assessing and prioritizing which pipes to replace first, based on prior history of pipe breaks, soil conditions, water pressure in the pipe, and the potential for property damage if a break were to occur.
“The prioritization was effective,” said Tomasulo. The number of cast iron pipe leaks per year dropped from 3.5 per 10 miles of pipe in 1973 to less than one per 10 miles of pipe in 1999.
Helix is replacing approximately 15,000 linear feet of cast iron pipe per year and, at this rate, will complete the program in 2026.
Photo: Lemon Grove city council. From left: Councilmember Jerry Jones, Mayor Racquel Vasquez, Mayor Pro Tem Jennifer Mendoza, Councilmember David Arambula and Councilmember Matt Mendoza.
Rendering: the current Fletcher Hills 2 Pump Station is located between the Aldwych Reservoir Tanks. The new station will be built west (left) of the tanks, as shown.
Ever wonder what a pump station is for and why we need them? Check out the new pump station project Helix will be constructing over the next year! This station will serve the Fletcher Hills area and provide enhanced reliability. Last spring, the District met with residents in the immediate area surrounding the new station site to discuss the project during the initial phases of design. Now that the project design is complete and the construction contract has been awarded, a follow-up meeting has been scheduled for 9:30 a.m. on Monday, October 24 at the Aldwych Reservoir Tanks.
Pump Stations 101
The new station, called the Fletcher Hills 2 Pump Station, is one of 25 pump stations within Helix’s water distribution system. They play a critical role: filling reservoirs and pressurizing water mains.
Helix’s 25 Pump Stations
Many of you reading this are probably familiar with the basic concept of water distribution, which is to pump water to reservoirs on hilltops, and let gravity distribute the water to homes, schools and businesses. This is the most energy efficient way to operate a public water system.
A public water system, like Helix, strives to maintain water pressure at an adequate level for every customer. Water pressure is the force exerted per square inch (psi) of wall – whether in a reservoir, a water main or the pipes in your home. If water pressure is too high, pipes burst. If it’s too low, firefighters can’t put out the fire, and you can’t take a morning shower, do laundry and irrigate at the same time.
The catch is that water pressure is directly related to elevation, or more specifically, the height of a water column. One foot of water height is approximately equal to 0.434 psi. So, if we provide 50 psi to customers near the top of Mt. Helix at an elevation of 1,300 feet, the water pressure for customers at a low elevation, for example, the western edge of Lemon Grove, elevation 270 feet, will be 497 psi.
(1,300 – 270) x 0.434 = 447 psi
50 psi + 447 psi = 497 psi
The solution to this issue is to serve water to customers at different elevations, such as Mt. Helix and at the western edge of Lemon Grove, from different reservoirs. In fact, we group customers over the 50 square miles based on their elevation and we serve into 33 pressure zones. The zones are isolated from each other with specialized valves and each zone has its own reservoirs and pump stations. Check the map to see which zone you are in.
Map: Ctrl-click then click “open image in a new tab” to see a larger map.
Fletcher Hills 2 Pump Station
The Fletcher Hills 2 Pump Station pumps water from the Aldwych Tanks (that serve the Aldwych pressure zone) into the Fletcher Hills Combined Tank that serves the Fletcher Hills pressure zone.
Photo: Helix stores water in the saucer shaped section of the Fletcher Hills Combined Tank.
Diagram: note the elevation gain from the Aldwych Tanks to the Fletcher Hills Combined Tank.
The Fletcher Hills Combined Tank is actually two tanks in one — Padre Dam Municipal Water District operates the lower, cylindrical section and Helix utilizes the higher elevation, saucer section. The saucer is at a higher elevation than Helix’s old tank, which was demolished to make way for the 125 freeway, and provides higher water pressure for customers in the Fletcher Hills pressure zone.
The Fletcher Hills 2 Pump Station now must pump to a higher elevation than it was originally designed to handle, requiring both of the station’s 50 horsepower pumps to operate simultaneously. Neither pump can be taken offline for maintenance. The industry term for this is lack of redundancy, and Helix requires redundancy in all facility designs to ensure a reliable water supply. Even our water treatment plant has two of everything.
The new pump station includes three pumps that are capable of pumping 2,000 gallons per minute more efficiently than their predecessors. The third pump is a standby unit, allowing maintenance of the other two.The state of the art design also includes automated control valves, flow metering, electrical switchgear and instrumentation coordinated with the district’s SCADA control network.
Rendering of new pump station
Current pump station
Helix maintains and replaces our pump stations as needed, and nearly all of our older stations have been improved at some point to ensure reliable service. The average age of our pump stations is 33 years old. If you want more information about the Fletcher Hills 2 Pump Station, please feel free to contact Helix Water District’s Engineering Department or click on the following link.