Is it possible to be in a drought, but not a water shortage? It’s possible here in San Diego County, because Helix Water District and the other water utilities serving this region have worked together for 25 years to conserve water and invest in new water resources. Read on to learn more about the drought and the San Diego region’s water supply.
This drought extends from San Diego
to Seattle to Minneapolis
It extends across Canada, too. The darker the color on the map, the more extreme the drought conditions.
Map from U.S. Drought Monitor
June 2021 was the hottest June
on record in the U.S.
High temperatures make drought conditions worse. The hotter it is, the faster water evaporates from soil and transpires from plants. This is why urban landscapes, crops and forests dry out and the risk of wildfires increases. The map below shows all of the wildfires currently burning throughout the West.
Map from InciWeb
On July 8, Governor Newsom declared a drought emergency
everywhere except Southern California
The Governor called for all Californians to voluntarily reduce their water use by 15 percent, but only declared a drought emergency in the counties in red in the map below. That’s because communities in central and northern California are more likely to rely on a single river, creek or well for their water and are more vulnerable to drought. It’s drier in Southern California and we’ve been developing multiple water resources to meet our needs for over a hundred years. Today, this approach helps protect us against drought.
Map from Cal Matters
Here in San Diego, water utilities work together
to develop our water supply
Helix and other water utilities in San Diego depend on the San Diego County Water Authority to import water from the Colorado River and Northern California. When residents and businesses pay their water bills, their water utility pays the Water Authority for the imported water they use. Then, all the water utilities meet at the Water Authority and decide how to invest that money in water resources. By pooling our money over the last 25 years, we invested $3 billion and developed projects no single utility could afford on its own.
San Diego County Water Authority board meeting photo from Water News Network
San Diego residents use half the water
they used in the 1990s.
First, we invested in water conservation. We showed residents and businesses how to reduce their water bills by installing water efficient plumbing fixtures, appliances, landscapes and irrigation, and offered rebates to increase participation. Today, San Diego County residents use half the water they used in the 1990s. As a result, water utilities have been able to reduce the size and cost of new water projects.
Water efficient landscaping at The Water Conservation Garden
We secured a new water supply
from the Colorado River
In 2003, the Imperial Irrigation District agreed to sell up to 200,000 acre feet of water annually to the San Diego County Water Authority. Water used to irrigate crops was now available to San Diego homes and businesses, and just one acre foot of water can sustain up to four homes for a year. And, the Imperial Irrigation District has the most senior water rights on the Colorado River. If the Colorado River basin states renegotiate how the river’s water is divided up, those senior water rights will help protect San Diego.
Colorado River photo from KUER Public Radio
We developed, and continue to develop,
drought-proof water resources
In 2014, the Water Authority completed the Carlsbad Desalination Plant to turn Pacific Ocean water into drinking water. It’s the largest desalination plant in the western hemisphere. Now, we’re focused on turning recycled water into drinking water by using reverse osmosis, just like at the Carlsbad plant, and other advanced water treatment technology. Helix is working with Padre Dam Municipal Water District, the city of El Cajon and the county of San Diego on the East County Advanced Water Purification Program, and San Diego and Oceanside are developing “Pure Water” programs.
Reverse osmosis cannisters at the Carlsbad Desalination Plant. Photo from Poseidon Water
We made more space
to store water
The more water we can store during a wet year, when a lot of rain and snow falls on California and the Colorado River Basin, the more water we have available in a dry year. Diamond Valley Lake, which Metropolitan Water District of Southern California filled in 2002, stores enough water for Southern California for six months. With the construction of Olivenhain Dam and the raising of San Vicente Dam, we have an additional six month water supply just for the San Diego region.
San Vicente Dam photo from the San Diego County Water Authority
Thank you and keep up the good work
Your water bills and your commitment to water conservation are the reason we have the water we need. Please keep up your efforts, and keep using water wisely.
Check out Helix Water District rebates on water saving
toilets, appliances, irrigation equipment and business solutions.